Psittacine Or Passerine? By: Ellen Fusz

Today we are going to continue with the wonderful “Ellen Fusz.”  Her Book is simply titled “Cockatiels” along with Animal Planet as her Books Sponser. Great Team, Great Parnership, they both do our planet Earth well!! So the Question is Psittacine Or Passerine? Ellen describes what the differences are.  “The Passerine birds, or perching birds, consist of nearly  300 genera and more than 1,100 species.  Some common Passerines birds are: Canaries, finches, sparrows, robins, grosbeaks, and buntings. The Psittacine birds, or hookbills,are not as diverse, but still contain  80 genera and more than 350 species.  The most common psittacines are: Parakeets, cockatoos, and cockatiels.  Physical Characteristics –  At maturity, Cockatiels weigh in at about 3 to 4 Ounces (85 to 113 grams) and average 12 or 13 Inches (30.5 to 33 cm) in length from head to tail.  The tail makes up for hale of the body length.  This impressive appendage is not simply dragged behind the bird, but it is actively used both during flight and during climbing. When a cockatiel clings to the wire of his cage, you can observe how he spreads his tail and uses it as a prop for balance and support.  When the bird walks, the tail is folded tight and held just above the ground.  The cockatiel’s crowning glory is his crest, which is made up of many feathers of varying sizes. Breeders often concentrate on this feature to produce varieties with  especially prominent and distinguished headgear.  The ideal height of the crest is 3 inches (7.6 xm).  The longest of these feathers are located at the rear of the crest.  It’s easy to assess the mood of the cockatiel by the position of the crest.  If it is standing upright, the bird is alert and content.  But if the feathers are flattened against the head, it is a sign that the bird is either frightened or angry.  Cockatiels are unusual among psittacines in being dimorphic-the males and females are colored differently.  Depending on the color variety, determining the sex of an adult is usually straightforward, but only after the bird is at least six months of age.  Medical testing is the only way to be 100 percent positive of the gender of your cockatiel. Common Varieties-  In the wild, most cockatiels are predominantly gray.  In captivity, a number of color variations have been derived from the normal gray.  While the most well-known are lutino, pied, cinnamon, pearl, and silver, breeders continue to come up with other mutations for an even wider variety of colors.  When purchasing a cockatiel, perhaps the least expensive and easiest variety to find is the gray.  In their native Australian habitat, most cockatiels are this color. These beautiful little creatures have dark gray feathers covering their bodies.  Their wings have prominent white patches, and there is a yellow wash on the face and the crest.  Most noticeable are the large dime-sized orange cheek patches, which are stronger in coloration on the male than the female.  The bill and the feet are gray, as is the cere-the fleshy patch above the beak where the prominent nostrils are located.  The tail is long and tapered, and the underside is barred with yellow and gray.The male and the female look very similar until maturity.  At that time, the male feathers become more colorful.  Lutino- A strikingly beautiful bird, the lutino cockatiel is a popular variety.  Due to a gene that prevents the formation of melanin, or dark pigment, this cockatiel is white with a yellow wash.  The bill and the feet are pink, and the eyes are red.  Within this exquisite variety, the male and female look strikingly similar.  However, with more careful observation, you can see that female’s tail feathers have a yellow barring, while the males do not.  Pied-  Pied cockatiels have large patches of color that can appear anywhere on the body.  Some pieds have only an isolated odd white feather, or even just a splotch of pink on toe.  Others are so heavily pied that they appear to be lutinos.  It is difficult, if not impossible, to distinguish the male from the female by just looking at the markings. Dark Eyed Clear- When a bird looks like a lutino but has the common black eyes, it is usually an extremely heavily pied bird, and it is called a dark-eyed clear.  Technically, it is a gray bird covered completely in white patches. Cinnamon and Fallow-  In these birds, two genes have been identified that dilute melanin,or dark pigment, producing brown instead of gray or black.  In the cinnamon variety, gray areas are replaced with dark brown.  These birds are called cinnamon because their color is sometimes compared to the color of cocoa. The color of the male is somewhat deeper than that of the female.  Fallows seem to be a lighter brown than cinnamons, and their eyes are dark red.  Pearl-  With a lovely scalloping effect of white edging on each feather of the bird’s back and wings, the pearl cockatiel is a festive looking variety. These “Pearling spots” are yellow or white and can be found on the back, nape, and wings.  On heavily marked pearls, some small yellow or white markings can be found on the breast.  Pearling is caused by a gene mutation.  It can be combined with other mutations to produce cinnamon pearls, whiteface pearls, ect.  Typically, the adult male will lose his pearling after his first molt. An interesting aspect of this mutation is that males have the pearling effect for only about a year, while females retain if for life.  Silver-  The silver cockatiel looks like a diluted version of the gray.  With red eyes, a pink beak, and pink feet, the male has a deep yellow face and bright orange cheeks.  The female tends to be less colorful.  Whiteface  A relatively new variety, the whiteface lacks any yellow or orange coloration. This leaves the face completely white in the male and completely gray in the female.  Without the traditional cheek patches, the gray on the body appears to be much stronger, thus causing some to refer to this bird as “charcoal”.  Albino-  The genetic combination of a whiteface and lutino may produce an albino, a totally white bird.  There is no way to visually discriminate between the male and the female because both sexes are completely white.  Once quite rare, these birds are more common now.  Ellen Fusz.

Next week we will continue going through such a thorough discription of the lovely Cockatiel breed. Until then, God Speed!

great dane puppy

A Healthy Dog

Keeping a dog healthy and content is neither as easy nor as difficult as many people think. What it takes is an owner who is willing to devote the necessary time and energy to exercise, train, groom, and attend to the other needs of their pet. Conscientious dog care actually begins before you buy the dog, by realistically evaluating the time you have to spend on a dog and opting for a breed whose needs do not outstrip your resources.  Good dog care is the dog owner’s responsibility.  A healthy dog requires proper nutrition, regular grooming and exercise sessions, training for good behavior and plenty of love.  Don’t forget that even a well cared for, healthy dog needs to be examined and vaccinated regularly by a veterinarian.  Although dogs can’t come right out and announce how they feel, the alert owner can always tell something is not quite right by changes in the dog’s normal appearance or behavior. Each dog is unique, with its own characteristics, appearance, and personality.  What may be normal for one dog may not be for another; only the dog’s owner and the way your dog acts and looks form day to day.  Changes in appearance or behavior could be clues to possible illness.   Knowing your dogs personality can keep you aware to your dogs health and well being. Have fun with them and spend time with them to keep there mental health good.

Healthy puppy

CONSISTENCY WITH YOUR DOG

I HOPE THIS ARTICLE FINDS ALL YOU PET LOVERS AND OWNERS IN GOOD SHAPE.  I WANTED TO BLOG A  LITTLE ABOUT CONSISTENCY WITH YOUR PETS. JUST LIKE CHILDREN NEED A CONSISTENT ROUTINE SO DOES YOUR PET. I SEE DOGS IN BACK YARDS WHEN I WALK MY DOG ON A DAILY BASIS AND THEY SEEM SAD AND UNWANTED.  SOME PEOPLE GET A CUTE LITTLE PUP AND WITHOUT REALLY THINKING ABOUT WHAT THE NEW PET WILL NEED WHEN THEY GET OUT OF THE PUPPY STAGES. MAKE TIME FOR YOUR DOG. IF YOU WORK GET UP A LITTLE EARLY SO THAT YOU CAN TAKE FIDO OUT FOR A MORNING WALK. ESPECIALLY WHEN THE WEATHER IS GOOD. OF COURSE YOU HAVE TO IMPROVISE WHEN YOUR WEATHER BECOMES COLD OR WET. WORKING PEOPLE IF YOU AREN’T TAKING YOUR FIDO TO DOGGY DAY CARE YOU NEED TO SPEND SOME TIME DAILY WITH YOUR DOG. HOW WOULD YOU LIKE TO BE THROWN IN THE BACKYARD WITH NO HOPE OF ANYTHING ELSE? BEFORE YOU GET A DOG THINK “HOW WILL THIS IMPACT MY LIFE IN EVERY WAY?” BE A GOOD DOG OWNER AND SPEND TIME WITH YOUR DOG MAKING THEM PART OF YOUR FAMILY …BECAUSE THEY ARE.

dog training

Dog Training – 8 Correction Mistakes Dog Owners Make

Dog Training – 8 Correction Mistakes Dog Owners Make

Just like no dog is perfect, neither are pet owners. A lot of dog behavior problems go right back to poor dog owner training. Here are some of the most common mistakes dog owners make that lead to bad dog behavior:

1. Inconsistent training. Just like with your typical human two-year-old, you’ve must be consistent when training your dog. Letting Max get away with bad behavior even some of the time will lead to problems down the road.

2. Reinforcing bad behavior. A classic poorly trained dog owner behavior. Even the best of us don’t realize when we’ve done it. Here’s the classic example: Buttons scratches the door to be let in. You just painted the door and don’t want Buttons ruining the new paint, so you let him in immediately. Guess what Buttons just learned? If he scratches the door, you’ll let him in immediately! Don’t let your dog outsmart you! You may just have to put up with a few scratch marks on the door until Buttons gets the message. Never let your dog in the house when he scratches on the door or barks.

3. Using the dog’s name when correcting him. It’s important not to make “no” sound like a part of your puppy’s name: Buster No! Just say the word, in a low, growling voice. Don’t use “no” when your dog isn’t doing the unwanted behavior but is considering it. Try “don’t,” again, using a low, growling, and firm voice.

4. Leaving the dog alone too much. The pounds are full of young dogs that somebody wanted when they were puppies, but because the owners worked 12-hour days every day, the dog now has behavior problems. Spend time with your dog every day.

5. Crating a dog too long. Not only is this bad for your dog’s behavior, keeping him in a crate for hours and hours day after day can affect his growth and his muscle tone.

6. Chaining a dog. If you don’t have a secure fence, then keep your dog in the house crated. Chaining a dog is dangerous and cruel.

7. Yelling. Your dog will not respond to yelling. Everyone loses their temper from time to time, but constantly yelling at your dog loses its effect quickly – just like it does on your spouse or your children.

8. Hitting. Swatting your dog with newspaper or hitting him just teaches him that aggression gets the leader of the pack what he wants. Don’t hit your dog. It sets a bad example.

Some dogs, especially some toy breeds or hounds, may still have trouble. This is especially true of small dogs. Remember, you are training your pet to not leave waste in his den, and to a small dog your home may be too big to seem den-like.

Marilyn Burnham

Author: ‘Dog Owners Boot Camp’

The How To Guide, Dog Training Secrets Professional Dog Trainers Don’t Want You To Know!

For More Information On Dog Training

Dog Training – 8 Correction Mistakes Dog Owners Make
Source by Marilyn Burnham

SELECTING A DOG THAT FITS YOUR LIFESTYLE…

In choosing a dog to bring into your home, I have found it interesting that some people choose a dog for many reasons without ever considering which dog would best suit our lifestyle? How much room will I need to give him or her? Do I have the time to spend with my dog daily? Is anyone allergic? Will the dog be good with my children? As a parent that question is a loaded one. Who will take care of fidos needs? Who will be the leader of the pack?… if you have more than yourself to consider. What supplies will I need to purchase? How old or young a dog do I want? Can we afford a dog?

There are many breeds out their to choose from too. Would a Sporting Breed suit our lifestyle? These sporting Breeds are Brittany, Pointer, German ShortHaired Pointer, German WireHaired Pointer, Golden Retriever, Labrador Retriever, Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever, English Setter, Gordon Setter, Irish Setter, many more. Then there are Hounding Breeds, Afghan Hound, Basenji, Basset Hound, Beagle, Black and Tan Coonhound, Bloodhound, Borzoi, Dachshund, Americn Foxhound, English Foxhound, Greyhound, Harrier, Ibizan Hound, many more. Then we move to the  Working , Breeds, Alaskan Malamute, Anatolian Shepherd Dog, Bernese Mountain Dog, Black Russian Terrier, Boxer, Bullmastiff, Doberman Pinscher, German Pinscher, Giant Schnauzer, Great Dane, Great Pyrenees, Samoyed, Siberian Husky, Saint Bernard many more.  Then we have the Terrier Breeds such as the Airdale Terrier, American Stafffordshire Terrier, Australian Terrier, Bedlington Terrier, Border Terrier, Bull Terrier, Dandie Dinmont Terrier, Cairn Terrier, Irish Terrier Kerry Blue Terrier, Scottish Terrier, Miniature Schnauzer, Norfolk Terrier, Manchester Terrier and many more.  Then come the cute Toy Breeds, Brussels Griffon, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, Chihuahua, Chinese Crested, Yorkshire Terrier, Shih Tzu, Pekingese, Poodle, Papillon,Maltese, Havanese just to name a few. Then we have the Non-Sporting Breeds, American Eskimo Dog, Bichon Frise, Boston Terrier, Chinese Shar-Pei, Chow Chow, Dalmation, Finnish Spitz, French Bulldog, Lhasa Apso, Keeshond, Schipperke, Tibetan Terrier. Then There is the Herding Breed Dogs such as Australian Cattle Dog, Australian Shepherd, Bearded Collie, Belgian Malinois, Belgian Sheepdog, Border Collie, Briard, Old English Shepherd, Pembroke Welsh Gorgi. Finally the Miscellaneous Class, Redbone Coonhound, Beauceron, Plott, Swedish Vallhund, Tibetan Mastiff. All these groups of dogs have a certain ingrained character which needs to be addressed as an owner to find compatability, between owner and dog. There are  many books that you can refer to for more information in choosing your dog, after all when making decisions in your life, considering all aspects makes for a better outcome. The same goes in choosing a dog for your home. Do your research and you will find the perfect dog for your home.  Selecting a dog to suit your lifestyle is a process in itself, do the work its worth the investigating.  Happy Hunting!!!!!

a-mblomma / Pixabay

dog training

woodsilver / Pixabay

Alexas_Fotos / Pixabay

soft dog crate

The Benefits of Soft Dog Crate

The Benefits of Soft Dog Crate

Your pet may annoy you by creeping into the kitchen while you are in the middle of preparing a glorious feast. He may also frighten your guests.

Having him underfoot is maddening and dangerous. Crate training will prevent him from obstructing you at the wrong times.

You can choose from many dog crates available. The right one will put both you and your pet at ease. There are reasons why a soft dog crate brings out a pet’s wagging tail.

The benefits of crate training

Before discussing why soft containers are helpful, understand the benefits of crate training.

Crate training may seem restrictive, and this is understandable. No one likes the idea of confinement. That said, it has many benefits for dogs and their owners.

a. For You

Parents get excited when they find out that their children have musical inclinations. They become eager to start when their kids can start their musical journeys.

When a child can begin lessons depends on whether he has the motivation to learn the instrument. It is a gargantuan task getting children who hate doing so learn an instrument.

Then, there is the fun factor. Educational psychologists all suggest that learning takes place when people enjoy the process.

Music lessons can start anytime, as long as the child shows interest in learning them.

Such a container will give you peace of mind. You will feel satisfied that your dog is safe while you are away running errands. If he is travelling with you, you can relax knowing that the crate will protect him from injury.

It also enables you to house train your dog. Your pet needs to know where his sleeping and toileting areas are. A crate is a resting area for him.

It prevents your dog from being in the way, at the wrong times. You can leave him it in while service personnel are doing work around your home. He can take refuge in it while you are in the kitchen.

b. For Your Dog

A crate is your dog’s territory. It is a place where he can feel protected from any ongoing noise or activity in the home.

A dog’s hearing is six times better than that of a human’s. Loud sounds alarm him more than they do you. A crate shields him from these noises.

It also encourages him to control his bowels. Your dog is not likely to relieve himself in his place of rest. He will associate elimination with the outdoors.

You can introduce your pet to your friends if you use a crate. It stops him from jumping up and startling them.

6 reasons why a soft dog crate will make your pet happy

Securing your dog in a crate has clear benefits, but the wrong one can be uncomfortable for him. A soft-sided container will serve his needs better than a metal or plastic one. He is more likely to wag his tail when he sees it.

1. He can travel with you.

For a start, it is easy to store. Easy storage makes it ideal for traveling because you can fold it up and put it in the back seat of your car. Your dog will perk up knowing that he can journey with you.

2. He can be part of the family.

Your pet will be happy knowing that he has a place in the family room. You can integrate a soft crate with your furniture at home.

It fits well into any corner of your living room. Just tuck it away in your storeroom if you are not using it.

3. He can scratch it.

Manufacturers make soft dog crates out of durable nylon. This material does not tear even if your dog scratches it to no end.

4. He gets into it in no time.

These crates are easy to set up. Your dog can move into his home in no time.

Soft containers are easy to fold and unfold. There is no need to screw any nuts and bolts together.

5. Your pet can move about in it without making a sound.

A soft dog crate means less stress for you and your dog.

A great boon of using one is that your dog will not make too much noise if he turns around in it. A metal one, in reverse, gives off sounds.

6. Your dog will have a clean home.

Your dog will take a shine to his home because it is clean.

Materials used to make soft dog crates are hardy, yet pliable enough to wash. Just give your dog’s a weekly rinse to get rid of pet odors.

Buying a soft dog crate

Soft-sided crates are ideal places of solitude for dogs. Of course, you must bear these pointers in mind when choosing one.

1. Purpose

Think about why you want to put your dog in a container. A soft-sided crate is ideal if you always take your dog on road trips.

A wire crate may serve you better if you wish to leave your dog outdoors. With more openings, it is cooler.

2. Security

You should be able to zip up a soft crate. Its base and sides should not feel as though they are about to give way.

3. Durability

When choosing a soft dog crate, assess its strength and quality. Your dog should not be able to tear holes in its base. Weigh your pet and choose one that is firm enough to hold him.

4. Usability

Find out how user-friendly the soft dog crate is. You should be able to zip and fold it. Do not buy it otherwise.

5. Attractiveness

If you plan to use the container at home, you will not want it to jar with the rest of your furniture. Soft dog crates come in various colors. Pick one that goes with the color scheme of your home.

6. Size

Size is an important factor when choosing a container for your dog. Of course, there is no point buying one if your dog cannot fit into it. Note that your pet may roll around and injure himself if the crate is too large.

The right soft dog crate will please your pet.

Source by Michelle Liew

Trailering Older Horses

Long distance transport for the older horse

The details for preparing an older horse for a long trip are pretty much the same to move any horse long-distance, remembering that the recovery time for an older horse is longer than for a younger horse. Here are the steps to keep a horse safe and to make it a good experience. First let’s talk about the things that you should not do before setting off on a long trip. It is never a good idea to trim your horse’s feet or to vaccinate them a couple days before transport. How many times have we seen horses become footsore because of that trim. And of course, older horses have a higher chance of running a temperature after being vaccinated. If your horse requires a rabies certificate or requires new shoes, please do it several days prior to shipping.

The day of shipping, particularly when it is warm outside, to not grain your horse. Even with slight dehydration, a horse can impact colic from undigested grain in their system. Another note here, horses that are not great shippers have a higher incidence of ulcers. Transport can be highly stressful. Many horse vets recommend medications like Gastrogard to reduce the ulcer risk.

We’ll spend some time here talking about you transporting your horse. Later in the article I’ll have some thoughts about what to expect for your older horse by shipping with a commercial carrier. After you have successfully loaded your horse, one of the most important things you can do is to make their journey comfortable. You should not keep them tied. This prevents them from dropping their heads and keeping their sinuses clear, leading to congestion and possible pneumonia. Next, bring a sufficient supply of hay that they have been eating. Just as we are careful to slowly switch our horses from old hay to new hay at the barn, it is also important to be careful here, and not switch hay, if at all possible.

I recently transported a yearling filly The folks where I picked her up went out to the grain store and bought hay to go with her. It was not the hay that she was used to and she had loose poops as a result. It’s also important to have water available for your horse too. Most horses will not drink in the first 12 hours of transit. Particularly when it’s hot it is important to have water in front of them. We hang a Foraflex bucket and fill it half full while we are moving.

I recommend that you carry water that the horse is used to. It is not always possible but like hay it’s important to keep them eating and drinking the same things they used to at home. It’s also important carry water with you when it is hot weather, if for any reason you are delayed in transit. The last two things to consider when moving your horse cross country are blanketing in winter and rest. I encourage my clients to put a sweat sheet beneath the blanket. That way if the horse is a little upset and sweats up, the sweat has a chance to be wicked away from the body and not stay in the blanket and give them a chill. There are many thoughts about resting the horse in transit.

One is to stop for an hour every four hours to let the horse rest. Recently a study done at Texas A&M found that short periods of rest were not effective. Because I transport horses alone I need to stop each day for an eight hour rest period.

This gives the horses a chance to rest and recover and rehydrate. They come off the trailer fresh at the end of the journey. If time is not an issue and you want your horse off the trailer overnight, I recommend websites like HorseTrip.com that lists horse hotels across the country.

I wanted to take a moment to discuss commercial carriers and how they operate. Most commercial carriers have two drivers, and so equipment really never stops moving. Horses never get a chance to rest and recover. Also many carriers, never give horses their head, but keep them tied. Horses finish their trip often exhausted, dehydrated, and even sick. There are many trucking companies out there that the drivers are just that, drivers not horseman. They’re hauling freight, not horses. The other thing that happens with long-distance commercial carriers is that they don’t take the most direct route. Most recent example I can give you was a transport that I bid on and the person who bought the horse decided to have another hauler to the work, because he was cheaper. What the hauler did not tell him when he picked the horse up in Georgia to go to New York was that he was going via Texas.

Two things occurred here. First, the horse was coming from warmer climate to a winter climate and should have been blanketed for the second half of the trip. And second, the trucker did not tell the client that he was not taking the most direct route. The horse was on the trailer three days longer than necessary, exhausted and sick. So much for saving a couple hundred bucks for the transport. So when you need to use a commercial hauler there a couple of things that you should ask and get answered. First, is it the most direct route possible and second, you need at least three references. I What you horse reaches its destination. It is important to give them at least one day of no work to recover from the trip, and two days with no work is even better. I also suggest that y u give them a full day to rehydrate and not feed to any grain.

That’s it from here. Safe travel.

Source by Tony Lepore

The Importance of Pets

Pets are very important to all that own them. Those that own pets live longer more satisfied lives. They have been known to lower our blood pressure and give us a reason for each day. I have owned both dogs and cats and they all left their paw prints on my heart. Each individual pet has their own personality and their relationship with you is built on love and trust.

Some dogs are hunting companions. They enjoy retrieving game with their owners and enjoy their outings together. These dogs make great family pets also. I had an Irish setter that went hunting for birds with my husband. She was all business in the woods but when home was the sweetest dog. This dog also was taken to Obedience trials and won ribbons in dog shows. She helped make cherished memories for our family.

I have seen guide dogs as they allow their owner to participate in activities they could not without their presence. There used to be a man guided into our church every Sunday to sit in the first row by his guide dog. The priest went out of his way to bring him the communion host. The dog was obedient and a blessing to this man and it was beautiful to watch the dog as he worked. No one was allowed to pet the dog while he was doing his job. He was a beautiful German shepherd.

There are other dogs that are just family pets. I had two other dogs that I used to walk daily. I miss them and their times with me as they have now passed over the rainbow bridge. The second dog was an English setter and the third dog was a Gordon setter. There are so many fun memories that are in my mind.

Of course we had cats with these dogs. It is a myth that dogs and cats do not get along. If they are brought up together they tolerate each other and sometimes even learn to love each other. It is best to bring them in as either puppies or kittens and then they will have a bond for each other and even may play together.

I just can not imagine a day without my pets in my lives. If I am sick, I have one of my cats that will meow constantly and pace beside me telling me that I am in need of asthma medications. This cat, Joshua I speak of as my angel kitty. Tinkerbelle my newest member of our household has not learned yet to anticipate such events with me. I know that my pets help me throughout each day showing me their love and attention. They are worth more to me than any diamond ring.

I know my own life would not be fulfilled without the presence of a pet. They give me a reason to live as each day with them is a treasure to behold in the pages of my own life’s book.

I hope you have enjoyed my thoughts on pets in our lives.

Source by Christina R. Jussaume

What Dogs Need Most – Top 5 Critical Needs For a Happy Healthy Dog

So you fell in love with those big puppy eyes at the shelter or the pet shop and brought her home. Now, are you ready to be the perfect dog owner and give your new family member what she needs?

Owning a dog can be a true blessing to you and your family. Dogs are loyal, warm-hearted companions who want to protect you, love you, play with you and be near you forever. They don’t judge you based on your appearance, your job, your income or your past- they love you for being you. Yes, this truly is the beginning of unconditional love. Many pet owners take on new pets for this very reason, but some don’t understand that improper care and neglect of animals can lead to a physically and/or mentally sick animal. Caring for a sick dog is heart-breaking, time-consuming and financial expensive.

In order to assist new dog owners, we did the research and came up with the top 5 things pet owners must provide for a happy, healthy dog.

1. Clean Water

Dogs need clean, cool water for good health. They need sufficient water to maintain a proper level of body fluids, and an imbalance in this level could cause serious illnesses. Unless you have a special needs dog, you will not have to monitor your dog’s water intake. So long as clean, cool water is accessible to your dog, she will drink enough to maintain her proper level of body fluids.

2. Quality Dog Food

The food you choose for your dog is probably the most important decision you make for your dog’s health. Food is where your dog derives all of its nutrients to make energy for playing, walking, and loving you, so don’t skimp on the quality. Check the ingredients to make sure wholesome meat parts and vegetables are used. If the thought of feeding your dogs chemicals and pesticides offends you, opt for natural or organic dog food. Many of them are made of human-grade ingredients and contain more antioxidants than commercial dog foods. Good quality dog food will save you money in the long run by reducing the number of veterinarian visits your dog will require and the heartache of seeing an unhealthy dog. Now you can even order high quality, natural dog food online and have it delivered directly to your home!

3. Physical Exercise

Just like humans, dogs need exercise. The amount of exercise your dog needs depends on his breed, energy level, age, and medical history. If your dog is healthy, at a minimum, take your dog on a 20-minute walk twice a day. Remember to keep in mind that a tired dog is a good dog. If your dog has a medical condition, visit your veterinarian to get a customized exercise regimen suitable for your dog.

4. Mental Exercise

Dogs, like us, get bored when they are not challenged. Boredom can lead dogs to manifest unwanted behavior like incessant barking, chewing furniture, digging through the trash, eating their own feces, etc. Give your dog a mental boost each day by teaching him a trick (playing dead is always a fun one) or playing a game where your dog has a task or job (“hide” healthy, natural treats in different places and let your dog “seek” them out). Or give your dog a safe bone or chew toy to redirect his boredom.

5. Attention/Affection

As a responsible dog owner, you need to be constantly aware of your dog’s physical and mental health. You don’t need to be specially trained to know that something is “wrong” with your dog. If your dog is not acting as usual or you just sense that something is not right about your dog, then chances are you are right. The longer you live with your dog, the better you will get to know her and what her “usual” habits are. For starters, give them a weekly “body exam” to check for hidden skin problems, infestations (fleas), ear infections, etc. Regularly check their stool for visible signs of worms, diarrhea, any irregularity, etc. For minor problems, there are now safe, non-invasive, natural remedies available for your fluffy friends. You can also prevent health problems by giving your dog his daily vitamins and other natural pet health supplements. If you think there is something wrong with your dog, please consult a veterinarian.

Source by Ju Park

Beagle Training – The Correct Age To Start Obedience Training Your Beagle Puppy

You’ve finally gotten that Beagle puppy you’ve been wanting. Now what? When does the training begin? Many Beagle owners start training at the wrong time. Some might start too early when the puppy isn’t quite ready to hold his bladder and is far from being ready to learn basic commands or obedience. Beagles are often characterized as being stubborn to train. That’s partly because some people wait until adolescence to start their training which is much too late. This article is about the when and how of your early Beagle obedience training.

What’s the best age to bring your Beagle puppy home?

Please keep in mind that a Beagle puppy should not be taken from its mother and siblings before 8 weeks of age. Your Beagle will learn many of the basic aspects of their social standing in those first few formative weeks. Puppies removed too early will often have aggression issues and may even become biters or have other social issues. It is very important that you highly socialize your Beagle with people and other dogs while they are young and as they age. Under no circumstances should a Beagle not have interactions with other dogs or people before they reach 15 months of age.

When should you begin housebreaking?

House breaking should not begin until your Beagle is between 10 and 12 weeks of age and only after your puppy has been acclimated to your home. He needs to be old enough to have the physical capability of holding it. Most trainers will tell you that crate training is the best method of house breaking your Beagle. Don’t let your human emotions make you think of a crate training as caging your Beagle. Beagles, like all other dogs, are a den type of animal and they come to regard their crate as a den; a safe place of his own where he will make a nest. Another nice thing about crate training is that it lessens the possibility of your Beagle suffering from separation anxiety. For instructions on crate training click on the link to my website below my name.

When is the best time to start basic obedience training?

Basic obedience training includes simple commands such as sit, stay, lie down, roll over, fetch, etc. This type of training should begin between the ages of 3 and 6 months. Start with the easy ones like sit and work your way up from there. This is also a good time for leash training your Beagle. Beagles are easily distracted while out walking so check out my website for good instructions on leash training your Beagle. You can train your Beagle at home or more preferably you both can take an obedience class. You can usually locate one through a local kennel club or even a local community college. Believe it or not, the human has more to learn than the Beagle when it comes to teaching him to heel and other obedience tasks. The basics are very easy and with the correct approach they can be taught in just a few days. To make the process even easier you may want to consider clicker training. Clicker training is a style of training where you first teach your Beagle that a click is equal to a reward. This can actually be done very quickly, in a matter of minutes. Once he thinks of the click as a reward the training process will be sped up drastically. Check my website for more information on this. The link is below my name.

By teaching your Beagle when he is young you instill into him that your role is that of pack leader. This is very important for a good long term relationship and a well behaved Beagle.

What comes next?

After your Beagle has completed his basic obedience training, you have a lot of time to train him in other ways. The old adage that you can’t teach an old dog new tricks is totally false when it comes to Beagles. Usually the basics are enough for most Beagle owners but other people want to go further with more complex tricks. Beagles are very adept when it comes to agility training. Agility is a sport where dogs are timed as they run through a variety of obstacles and Beagles are one of the favorite dogs for this. Check with your local kennel club to see if there are any agility clubs in your area.

One thing you won’t have to train your Beagle to do is to sniff out game animals such as rabbits. They are scent hounds and have been bred to do this naturally and that is why so many people use Beagles when they hunt. Not only do they have an incredible sense of smell but they also have a remarkable howl to keep in touch with the hunter and communicate their location and what is happening on the hunt.

If you decide to take your Beagle beyond the basics make sure that he is old enough to handle the physical stress. He should be fully developed before you have him jumping, sprinting, or diving.

For more information on training your Beagle be sure to visit my web site below. It not only contains information on obedience training but also how to handle problems such as aggression, biting, chewing, barking, etc.

Source by Clayton James